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tv   Confronting Coronavirus A PBS Newshour Special  PBS  March 26, 2020 2:00am-3:01am PDT

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♪ on first impression, it's more like a walking pinecone raor a friendly little dn. but these unlikely creatures raor a friendly little dn. are now known r something more ominous -- they are the most-trafficked wild mammal in the world. reporter: 100,000 pangolins a year are hunted and trafficked like this. reporter #2: more than 4,000 pangolins were killed to colman: the nearly more valuablan narrator: conservationist maria diekmann is on a erssion to save these vule animals. diekmann: there's not a chance this pangolin will be alive a week from now if i can't save it. narrator: angoone special little plin named honey bun
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will let us meet these strangeg intet, affectionate creatures... diekmann: are you gonna open up for me? narrator: ...before they are lost to the world fover. ♪♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
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♪ and by viewers like you. thank you. o0 c1 ♪ ♪ ♪ narrator: pangolins are shy, secretive creatures... ...quite unlike anything else on earth. ♪
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ei claws can dig through concrete. their thin, sticky tongues are as long as their bodies. ♪ they can travel along on their hind legs. ♪ al these animals haked the planet for ov 40 million years, and there are eight distinct species. four are found in africa... ...and four in asia. ♪
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pangolins are the world's only truly scaly mammals. their scales, just like human fingernails, are made from keratin. but this remarkable natural armor is the cause of their destruction. in the last 20 years, the demand for pangolin scales for use in traditional asian medicines has decimated their numbers worldwide. today, a pangolin will be taken from the wild every five minutes. ♪ ♪ ♪ [ diekmann speaking native language ]
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♪ [ man speaking native language on cellphone ] ♪ in namibia, conservationt maria diekmann is on the front line of the battle to save these animals. she's been contacted by a stranger with a pangolin to sell. diekmann: if we see that it's alive and i can't convince this guyg ot to walk away. that's really hard. but if i don't walk away and then iayim an extraordinary amount of money, then i promise you, tomorrow he's back in the bush and he's getting the next one. i've got a 50/50 chance. you can film for a couple more minutes, and then came away. ♪
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narrator: the call has brought maria to a poor township, where selling a pangolin could bring great wealth. but she's determinedto pay g to ensure no value is placed on these animals. hediekmann: i'd love to se see if she's okay, but if you keep her, she is gng to die. she't going to die. there's question about it. there's nothing you can feed her. nobody in the world has kept pangolins in captivity except for three people. i'm one of them. this is a guy who's taken an opportunity. he probably just wants some extra money for his family, maybe even a good thing to put his kids in school, who knows an thinks that this is a way to do it. at na: after a tense four-hour negotiation, maria leaves with the pangolin in hand. bungthis is just the beginni diekmann: every moment counts. it's really a life-and-death
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narrator: pangolins are notoriously difficult to keep in captivity. ♪ diekmann: tell me you're still alive. narrator: fortunately, this traumatized animal will have a second chance, thanks to maria. she's one of only handful of people in the world to have successfully rehabilitated pangolins. but for every one she saves, thousands more are being taken from the wild. reporter: the pangolin is so sought-after,th it's consideremost widely trafficked animal in the world, critically endangered and facing extinction. reporter #2: it is a difficult battle, and the odds aren't with them. narrator: maria runs an organization called rest -- the rare & endangered species trust. narrator: maria runs an organizatio♪ called rest --
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r fight for pangolins began just five years ago. diekmann: my first real pangolin that came to me that i spent any time with, she wahoactually offered to aowner. he bought her to save her, we formed this incredible bond, which pangolins don't usually do with humans, but we realized why. two days later, as i was prepari to get a tracker on her and try and release her, she actually gave birth. start filming. woman: it's filming. diekmann: this has never happened before. narrator: this was the first timeme anyone had f the birth of a pangolin. diekmann: she was waiting till she felt secure enough, and i was able to provide that. at that time in the world,no dy else had ever raised a baby that young. there were no books that we could turn to, y there was really nobthat he what we were getting ready do. okay, sointhis little boy goin... we had to sort of pioneer how to handle such a young baby pup.
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and look at that. it's 3.99. oh, my god, this is so exciting. at narrator: since th first encounter, maria ha prescued over 50 capeangolins. diekmann: you're going to go back into the wild today. ♪ are you gonna open up for me? narrator: each one teaches her something new about these little-understood creatures. but in 2015, a very speci animal arrived. a baby pangolin that would offer a deeper insight to her species, and change everything. diekmann: the arrival of honey bun was probably one of the saddest arrivals ever.
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the mother was seriously abused. she'd been kicked around. it was obviously on a cement floor, because you could see streaks of the paint on her scales. honey bun had no damage whatsoever. so what had probably happened is the motd rolled around honey bun to protect her. er narrator: but the moas so traumatized by her mistreatment that she escaped as soon as she could... [ birds chirping ] ...leaving maria to raise the newly-named honey bun... [ clatter ] a unique living situation... ♪ ...sharing her home with a troublesome toddler. ♪
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♪ ♪ diekmann: honey bun?♪ ♪ honey bun! there's nothing for you in there. [ sighs ] when one little baby pangolin comes in, u're talking about yearsd ys of complete commitment.
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narrator: young pangins require round-the-clock attention. and as they get older, the biggest challenge is keeping them well-fed. s now 18 mond, honey bun has e.veloped quite an appet like all pgolins, she feeds exclusively on insects, sniffing them out with her highly sensitive nose. like all pgolins, she feeds excshe has no teeth,ts, but uses her long, sticky tongue to lap them up. her scales, able to withstand the bite of a lion,
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and she shuts her nostrils and ears when feeding. pangolins nese to eat millions of s in a year. ♪ ♪ the only way maria can provide this dietis o allow her pangolins to forage naturally for up to five hours a day. ♪ diekmann: oh, my goodness gracio, if i had known that i was going to have to spend this much time walking pangolins, i might have second-guessed myself. narrator: honey bun can cover up to six miles to feed eh day. and maria goes with her, watching her every move. ♪ us theiting relationship gives maria the chance
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to observe natural pangolin behavior. diekmann: i've spent thousands and thousands of hours in the bush walking behind diyeah, i've probant thousands andobserved thingsours that nobody in the world has ever seen. a lot of people have thoughtkn that the a lot about pangolins, and those have become facts that arectually incorrect. el the books willyou that they eat termites and no, they meat ants. the books will tell you they're nocturnal. no, no in winter, they're not nocturnal at all. and that's the process that we're in now, a isually determining what's true, what's not true, and figuring out really morabout them so that we can save them. narratff: pangolins are so diicult to study in the wild, we don't even know how long they live. ♪
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maria's unique access is helping to build our understanding of this ecies. she meticulously records everything she observes... ..nd is analyzing this with the help of students, such as harvard graduate lorena vernitz. ncvernitz: honey bun isdibly important. no one etoe has really been able ollow a pangolin, like, through their life likehis. so, we can really see, like, how feeding-patterns behavior changes, not just between seasons, but during different life stages,u soeally understand, like, the whole pangolin lifecycle. with all the data we have from honey bun, there's just a whole-new world of possibility opened up for pangolin conservation in the wild. ♪
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narrator: piece by piece, honey bun is helping to unravel the mysteries that sround her kind. ♪ ♪♪ but time is not on their side. [ thunder rumbles ] ri afn pangolins are increasingly under threat. diekmann: about three years ago, we started spping shipments, looking mainly for rhino and for elhant, and started finding thousands of tons of pangolins. -u that was the real wacall for all of us. and nobody knew. she's a little disturbed this evening. you know, we've got a really big storm coming in. yeah. ntd she just doesn't wao sleep. and there's... i want to show you something.
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this is the kind of stuff that actually keepme awake at night. narrator: the problem of pangolin poaching in africa stems from the other side of the world. reporterinmore than 4,000 pangwere killed to collect the nearly three tons of pangolin scales. narrator: in asia, pangolin scales have been used in traditional medicine for centuries, and asian species have long been hunted for their scales... reporter #ly restaurants here opbut illegally, serve pangolin on the menu..a narrator: .. their meat. diekmann: well, you can see some of these guys don'. all different ages. there's quite a young one. look at this little baby here -- probably a newborn or just about ready to be born. an d this is a delicacy in asia.e probably a newborn [ man speaking natlanguage ]orn. narrator: this demand has driven asian pangolins
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to the brink of extincti, and the international black market is now turning to african species. hundreds of thousands of african pangolin scales are being illegally shipped out of the continent. this increased trafficking means more confiscations and more pangolins in need of maria's help.s [ thunder rumb she has to prepare for the worst, so she's building [ thufor the future. ♪ y diekmann: i basicald just about everything i owned. my family thought i was absolutely mad, and my mother was terrified that i was going to be on the street, but it's absolutely the best decision i've ever made. narrator: with help from charitable donations, maria is building a rehab center just for pangolins.
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nadiekmann: we now have froma permanent home.ions, 's about 300 hectares, so we've got enough room for our animals to move around in. the center has to become one of the leading centers for pangolins,t r our reputation, but simply becauses there's pangolinthat need care in this country. narrator: fortunately, one recent arrival is already making a bidifference. diekmann: steven is this azing young man who walked into our lives out of thelue. we moved to this new area, and he saw our vehicle, and he approached one of my studes and basically said, "i want to work for these people." and he'smoeen here for about sihs, and you would haveorhought he's been here0 years. honey bun adores sven, and he adores her. steven: i feel like it's not a job,
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it's something god wanted me to do. narrator: now steven has the responsibility of walking honey bun every day. ♪ m where she goes, heust follow -- not easy in the dense bush. and it's clear who's really in charge. steven: she's the boss. narrator: with steven on board, thin are lookingp for maria. but every day, it seems there is more bad news for pangolins.
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diekmann: yesterday's paper -- big confiscation of elephant ivory, p but algolins, so it's just getting worse and worse every day. in the last couple of months even, we're seeing a lot more confiscations going on. it's probably a good thing that at least the authorities are catching people, but i suspect a lot of it is not just due to authorities being really jacked up it's due to a lot more trafficking going on. ms narrator: and it she problem is getting closer to home. -diekmann: where's the wire? -steven: this one. narrator: steven har found evidence of sntraps. steven: maria, i got two wires again here. one have got a loop. there. diekmann: that's 100% it. ah! see, there'sighe loop that goes in rht like... all right. [ sighs ] oh, man. now any animal puts its head through, and then as it gets its shoulders through bid the shoulders are too the wire closes in around their neck.
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so, it's quite a -- quite a violent death. [ sighs ] i idn't love my car so much, i would kick it. i just... that somebody thinks they have e right to come onto my propertys and kill my animinand steve. they have e right it's -- it's... it's just wrong. narrator: as maria is wnghting to protect herackyard, there are more cries for help from farther afield, and they're growing increasingly disturbing.: diekmajust had this gentleman write to me. he was traveling through angola. now he's just sent me a bunch of pictures. and there are a bunch of pangolins hanging from a wire, and they're in different .sitions in every picture i just thought it was a tuole set of different ps,
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and i realize... that these pangolins are alive. [ sighs ] yeah, i had to tell him to leave the pangolins there. can't smuggle pangolins.we an't be thought to be smuggling pangolins. we've got to work within the parameters of our laws and our governments and our agreements with otr countries. woman:how does th? diekmann: very disempowering, really frustrating. [ sighs ]ic [ breaking ] you know, it's not enough to just save honey bun. it's not going to help us to make changes here in africd and we't stop the asian market. the asian market is the key market, and if we can slow that down thor start to put a stop t, that's going to solve a lot of our problems.
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sometimes you just feel like this o little person in this big, big ocean. ♪ ♪ narrator: for maria, the time has come to take action. she's going to journey into the vy heart of the pangolin crisis. ♪ diekmann: asia's gone through what africa's going to start going through. wh's important now ais that i go over therele and i arn as much as i can. my reception just goes out. i'm very lucky to have reception at the moment. narrator: she's reaching out to people in asia who, like her, are working on the front line.m diekmann: i't the only person trying to save pangolins. there's not a lot of people. we all know each other's names. very f of us have ever met.
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narrator: but maria is also hoping she can do something to combat the demand for pangolins. diekmann: in asia, we're looking at the end consumer, so if we can figure out with the asiansan way to stop that end consumerism, then we can stop the poaching over here. it's the longest i'll ever have been awayfr, and i think steven's terrified. but 's going to be fine. he'll be perfect, and i'm a phone call away if he needs me. but i think he's going to be perfec [ voice breaking ] if you need anything, you just call, okay? steven: yes. [ diekmann: you'll do great.ed i'm really proud of you, okay? i'm going to miss honey bun terribly. take good care of her. she's a part of my life. she's been part of my life for so many months and years now that i'm going to miss her.
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[ steven sighs ] ♪ narrator: maria's missio will take her to a completely different rld. ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪
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ma a wants to prepare for the challenge of rescuing more of africa's pangolins. so she is here to meet someone who's been leading the fight to save the asian species. thai van nguyen is a wseld leader in pangolin cation. van nguyen: how are you doing? g diekmann: ohat. oh, thai, how -- oh, it's amazing to finly meeyou d be here. narrator: thai runs an organization called save vietnam's wildlife. based in the forests of the country's oldest national park, his team is dedicated to rescuing and rehabilitating the world's most endangered species of pangolins. diekmann: meeting thai has been aream come true. he's exactly what i wanted him to be -- you know, the sort of kindred spirit that has dedicated basically his life to pangolins.
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what a pleasure to meet thsomebody else that --rit that makes you realize that you're not so crazy after all. i can't wait to see some of the asian pangolins. rusman: hiya. vadiekmann: hi.lo. hi, i'm maria. rusman: hi, nice to meet you. i'm maddie. ekmann: hi, maddie. nice to meet you. rusman: welcome. welcome to vietnam. diekmann: thank you. narrator: animal manager madelon rusman is keediekmann: oh.ia some of honeshe's beautiful.usins. narrator: this is a sunda pangolin. rusman: do you want tout her on the scales?: narratis adult female has been at the center for five weeks, and is being prepared for releas diekmann: let's put her on this. is this hair? rusman: yeahso, the difference between the african and asian ones is thar the asian ones have htween the scales. diekmann: her back feet
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have -- have much longer claws than our cape. our cape, the back feet don't rohave claws -- just the f. -rusman: really? -diekmann: yeah. she's -- she's absolutely gorgeous. narrator: unlike the cape pangolins that maria knows, the sunda spends much of its life in therees. it's the most widely distributed species in asia. but as a result of illegal trade, it's the most widely distributed it's now critically endangered. [ engine idling ] il save vietnam'sife is a lifeline for pangolinsre ued from the black market. ve they've received o400 this year alone. and more are arriving all the time. van nguyen: no. diekmann: okay.
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narrator: 15 sunda pangolins were confiscated near the vietnamese border with china. es the team assses the surviving animals for any sign of injury. they've all been vomiting a yellow substance. die mann: and what is thllow indicating? that they were for.-fed? van nguyen: yeah that is the tubes where they try to put inside the belly of the pangolin and put through the mouth. so, you will s -- this here. -woman: put the towel on her. -man: hold the line. man #2: i'm holding it, narrator: pangolins were destined for the dinner table, and force-fed to increase their weight and price. van nguyen: oh, look, that's in. diekmann: every single one of these pangolins went through that same thing? van nguyen: ye, they -- diekmann: so they were all handled by a bunch of loud, noisy people
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pumping things -- rice into their stomach. van nguyen: yeah, yeah. ♪ narrator: when frightened, a pangolin's fst defense is to roll into a protective ball, but thisr akes it easy prey foachers. ♪ ♪ most of the animals are mercifly free from injury. dieknn: you hungry, maybe? narrator: but one young male is in real trouble. his back leg has been severed, most likely by a snare. van nguyen: oh, my god. [ sighs ] diekmann: it should give him a pretty good chance of survival.
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van nguyen: yeah. ♪ diekmann: the amount of animals coming in, it's almost overwhelming. if the demand continues to increase in asia, like it is now,in ithen africa's hetinues for this type of situation. which means the confiscations are not going to be one or two animals. they're going to be 10 or 20 animals, eaexactly what thai'sng with. if i envision that happening at our center, eaexactly what we'd have a really, threally difficult time. narrator: it would be impossible for maa to cater for the number of pangolins that thai's team hands in a year. bi but there's one advantage here... ♪ ...readily available food. they can buy frozen ant pupae,
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a popular snack for people in asia.ns but they're too exe for maria to import back home. sman: i can't imagine you have to walk five hours per animal. diekmann: yeah, i can't imagine you get to open your freezer.s n: yeah. -diekmann: wow. : narratt nests can also be collected from the trees, if you can reach them. diekmann: they're like little package dinners for the pangolins. this would never be something we could do in namibia. unfortunately, our ants are in the ground, so, you know, we would basically have to decimate a one-meter area, and by the time we've done that, to get that piece of ground out, the ants are going to be forming, you know, poison for the pangolins,d 'll never work. narrator: but there is one area where maria can learn a lot from this team - pangolin surgery.
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the young male with the missing leg has been sedated, and is about to undergo a life-saving operation. diekmann: last night, he showed an amazing attitude. he is, he's a plucky little guy. all the more courage to him. e narrator: pangins so rarely that procedures like this are not common practice. for the vets, each one is a new experience. diekmann: thin is like doctors workin a war zone. they've got patient after patient after patient, and so they have to learn to work very quickly, they have to learn to determine exactly what's wrong and what they're going to be able to do about it, and that's what these guys have been dealing with. oti was actually writing to myself -- blood essure, heart rate, on the amount of gas that they're using. narrator: the operation has gone extremely well,
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and the patient is starting to stir. his misse g leg means he can'tleased. so, when he recovers, he'll given the best-possible life at the center. but for animals deemed fully fit, the aim is always to get them back out in the wild. today, nine sunda pangolins are going home. ♪ ♪ the team has driven for over 10 hours to a specially selected, remote jungle. diekmann: they must just not really know what's going on,
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but that second that they come out and they realizetu they're acly going back out into the wild, it's -- i mean, this is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. lahter ] ♪ pa narrator: to give the olins a fighting chance of evading poachers, the team is heading into the inaccessible heart of the forest. ♪ ♪ pangolins are solitary, so the team must release the animals at different points throughout the jungle. ♪ ♪
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as night falls, it's time for the first of the nine pangolins to taste freedom. ♪ ♪ ♪ diekmann: i tell you, thai, i would walk three times up a mountain just to see that. van nguyen: nice. diekmann: one down, eight to go. narrator: as the hours pass, one by one, the rest of the pangolins emerge diekmann: well, and thi'm cold and i'm wet,rest. i'tocovered in mud and mo bites, and i've been puing lehes off myself,
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but it was one of the most memorable experiences i've ever had in my life. narrator: for the team,'s b. but these animals now have a second chance for a life in the wild. as maria leaves vietnam, her thoughts turn to her beloved african pangolins. to better understand their fat, st she's heading . ♪ ♪ diekmann: i must say, it's completely overwhelming -r the numb of people, the number of cars, the colors, the signs.
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it's very, very different than home. ♪ narrator: in the last few years, thailand has emerged as a key transit country for illegal wildlife contraband from africa. thai authorities are cracking down hard on wildlife crime. but despite these efforts, the problem is clearly escalating. dr. ouitavon: come in. narrator: dr. kanita ouitavon is showing maria evidence from a recent raid. diekmann: 1,060 kilograms. dr. ouitavon: yeah.
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diekmann: you found giant... diekmann: and tree pangolins. i mean, there are probably 50 to 100 pangolins in each of these bags. dr. ouitavon: yeah. diekmann: if not more. narrator: alday, 80% of pangolin confiscated from the global black market are from african animals. diekmann: it's a lot of pangolins. drt.ouitavon: yeah. a lo narrator: shaken, maria's thoughts turn to home and honey bun. [ telephone rings ] steven: hello, maria. diekmann: hi, steven! how are you? steven: very well, very well. it's good to hear from you.
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diekmann: tell me -- how's honey bun doin steven: honey bun is really eating well. yesterday, she ate around 56 time. makes me want e home right now. voice c steven: thank you very much. goodbye. -diekmann: okay, bye. -steven: allight. let's go, honey buhoney bun! come, t's go. let's go. oh, let's go, yes. diekmann: oh, it was just so nice to hear steven's voice. steven: let's go. maria was just calling and greeting you. let's go now. diekmann: yeah, it makes me want to get into a plane and just go home and see how everybody's doing myself. ♪ narrator: but maria won't go home just yet. there is one morisdestination she must vit -- r e end of the line foe majority
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of trafficked afcan pangolins. in 2017, chinese customs officials intercepted the largest ilesgal shipment of scal on record. pangolin scales are one of the oldest traditional chinese medicines. and even as recently as last year, they were listed by practitioners as a cure for the symptoms of cancer. scales from historic stockpiles can legally be prescribed in buong as there is demand for pangolin products, there will be a black market.he diekmann: you can' but observe the fact that there is, you knowthere's reallyreally an, sort of in conjunction with this really, really modern culture. i think if the change is going to come her it's going to come through the younger people. ♪
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at nto join forces wita highln maria has come to china --h who's taking a bold approach to addressing the demand for pangolin products. she's a chinese megastar. re an a, a model, and icon -- la anby. [ knocking on door ab -angel hello. -diekmann: hi, angela. nice to meet you. angelababy: nice to meet you, maria. come in. narrator: with over 80 million online followers, she's been uling her considerable pprofile to seek help for pangolins. [ applause ] diekmann: angelababy's a perfect ambassador for panlins. she's hitting this whole-new, young generation. people really love her,
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knd she's very, very well-own on this continent. ♪ diekmann: it's a great story, and it's literally honey bun's story. so, the little pangolin that i have, s that's exactly hry, and it happens over and over and over. yeah, let's see some pictures. angelababywow, wow! diekmann: yeah, that's a long tongue. angelababy: [ gasps ] wow. diekmann: yeah, their tongue is almost as long as their body. narrator: maria is keey to introduce angelab to honey bun. narrangelababy: ol? to introduce angelab diekmann: she's actually about a year and eight months now.
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angelababy: a year and eight month. diekmannyeah. angelababy: oh, so cute. diekmann: look how they walk. they walk alst like dinosaurs. angelababy: yeah, cute. very slowly. -diekmann: yeah. -angelababy: i like this. [ maria laughs ] [ angelababy smacks lips ]e' shthinking. diekmann: yeah. angelababy: oh, they're so cut i go?" ♪ diekmain: angela's going to a totally different perspecte to the entire campaign of saving pangolins.
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pangolins definitely need that high profile. the rhino have gotten it, the elephant have gotten it, and pangolins have sort of been left behind. ♪ enis journey has been enal, but i'm ready topack mn and get on that flight home. ♪ but i'm ready topack mn naator: but maria's work is far from done. -diekmann: hi, brad. -bestelink: maria. diekmann: my dog is the official greeter. narrator: maria's meeting inhina has resulted in an exciting development. diekmann: oh, i'm so glad you're here. narrator: angelababy is starring a new charity campaign for pangolins to be rolled out across the globe, and she'll be joined by another very special leading lady honey bun. diekmann: if you think about all the major conservation efforts in the world, most of them have started because of great footage.
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or classic picture. i honestly believe in my heart that the only way we're going to save pangolins tois to introduce them he mass public. narrator: renowned wildlife cameraman brad btelink t has coo film with honey bun. diekmann: you're going to see about the pace that she walks. i mean... bestelink: funny little tummy. diekmann: yeah. [ laughs ] not many people get to see a pangolinummy. diekmann: yeah. bestelink: she's quick here. diekmann: yeah, she's real quick. bestelink: she really moves. diekmann: i mean, she's hurtng down there. bestelink: she r♪ally moves. ♪ narrator: brad is ready to give honey bun her close up. sa but that's easier than done. diekmann: stick with us. ♪
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♪ i bestelink:s a lot harder work than i you know, move incredibly quickly through the bush, and you've got to really scratch around to keep up. steven: [ laughs ] ♪ narrator: it may be tricky work, but filming a pangolin so at eases a privilege. bestelink: i've spent the best part of 20 years in the bush. i've seen three in my lifetime -- twice when i was filming, once when i was a child. it's just great to spend a little bit of time wh -- et with a pangolin justng on with its normal life. you know, it's jusy so unusual, it's reaecial. ♪
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narrator: but it's honey bun's recent collaboration with angelababy the campaignhave thas been launched online. and viewed in china over 25 million times in just the first day. [ both chuckle ] honey bun may not know it... n ...but she a global ambassador for her kind.♪ ♪ gn but even as the campis maks
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arou the world day to day, life for this celebrity remains the same. the seasons are changing. spring rains are on the way. diekmann: oh, honey bun lovethis time of year. so, she's going to be going mu deeper, she's going to be finally able to get into those ant eggs, which are full of nutrients. it's actually really nice to anticipate how shous going to look in ae of months. she's ing to gain some weight, and she's going tog into a young adult.,ur narrator: as honey bun grows up, oushe will reveal more pre secrets about her species. but there will come a time foher to leave maria and live as a wild diek: in order to prepare her for the wild, we start pulling back,
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and it's not just a physical way of pulling back, it's also a mental way of pulling back. i'ver ot to start letting . [ birds chirping ] ♪ h he., what are you doing? dee's actually digging hole even deeper. this is all really great preparation for her going back out into the wild. ashe sun starts to set, she's realizing she needs to prepare for the night. if she were in the wild, she'd go to sleep here tonight. she's growing up, and she's becoming more, and more independent of me.ight. and, in a way, it's kind of sad, and in a way, it's really exciting.
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so, you know, it's all about that day that i'm going to say, be you know, "hey, you're on your own." if the pangolin went extinct in the wild, i've failed, and if we're going to fail on that, then what else are we going to fail on? not on my watch. not on my watch. [ telephone rings ] [ diekmann speaking native language ]
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while much of the wild lands and seas of the caribbean are rying, cuba's extraordiistory has made it a true wildlife wonderland. but cuba now stands at a crossroads. sh ts opening her doors outside world. will the island's wildcefe pay the ultimate p ♪ o0 c1 dyou can watch "nature" online. go to to screen mplete episodes from this seas and seasons past. visit "nature" online for production updates from the field . man: they're sticking to her visitlike ...go behind the scenes with our filmmakers... man #2: we needed to be able to shoot at high frame rates to capture these fast-moving monkeys. ...and get connected with "nature's" online community -- all at
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♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ ♪ and by viewers like you. thank you. o0 c1 to order, visit, ior call 1-800-play-pbs. ♪
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♪ ♪ ♪ to learn more about what you've seen on this "nature" program, visit ♪ you're watching pbs. ♪ mr. rogers: ♪ it's a beautiful gi: we are the curious.. ♪ ♪ woman 1: wow! man 1: the adventurous. man 2: oh! daniel tiger: grrr!tu woman 2: those vng out for the first time.
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all: blast off! [rocket explosion] man 3: and those who have never lost our sense of wonder. man 4: whoa! man 5: are you seeing this? ♪ [quacking] vo: we are the hungry. okie monster: cookie! man 6: the strong. muhammad ali: i must be the greatest!♪ ♪ vothe joyful. bob ross: a happy little cloud. ♪ man 3: we believe there is always more we canmoncover. girl we can explore. woman 3: we believe... man 6: the capacity for goodness. vo: and the potential for greatness. ♪ man 7: the torch has been passed to a new generation of americans. man 1: pbs. n 3: pbs. girl: pbs. ♪
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la (sirring) (crying) narrator: a newborn infant with a defective heart. uh, the coordinator was called. narrator: a transplant is her only hop judy bergen: it's terrifying. it's just something 've got to do. we love her and just want her to have the best life she can possibly have. narrator: a heart is foundthat ca. but it's hundreds of miles away. ♪ ki (tng indistinctly) . (tn(siren blaring) no heart yet? (helicopter engine running) rtnarrator: an organ sage means thousands of pients wait for months


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